"Only by pushing mankind to its limits, to the bottoms of the … Experiments have shown that Mars soil could be baked into bricks to create protective structures, which would cut down on the amount of materials needed to be shipped to the surface. Steve Lee – U3 Computer Engineering student * Has an atmosphere which can be used to produce Oxygen and rocket fuel to return home. Grow crops using local sunlight (the Moon has a 2 week long night). A day on Mars is 24 hours and 39 minutes, which means that organisms from earth would find it similar. Colonizing planet Mars will be the greatest achievement in human history to date, and it would likely be an achievement in our history that we will never forget. In addition, Mars is closer to Earth than the other Solar planets – except for Venus, but we all know why this planet isn’t a good option! Another element that creates risk is the human factor. McGill Library Blogs are a production of the McGill Library. read more Anyone traveling to Mars would need to follow a rigid exercise routine, and proper nutrient intake would be vital to minimize muscle and bone wasting that would occur in microgravity. Barnard´s Star – our fast moving neighbour, Alpha Centauri – our interstellar neighbour. This guest post will have you thinking about a future society on Mars. Mars and Earth have very similar lengths of days. Additionally, the world’s population growth have exponentially increased over the last centuries. “The Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster: What Happened? Green energy is great. And while there were a lot of exciting technical details, some major issues I anticipated were not covered. 'Growing Pains' star slams Kirk Cameron's caroling protests Therefore, if the system designed for the Mars exploration have flaws, then it could lead to disasters. (Venus location on the inner edge (combined with its thick atmosphere) has led to it becoming the hottest planet in the Solar System. For example, on Jan 28, 1986, crews of the NASA’s space shuttle Challenger were killed during the launch due to failure of O-rings that seals the booster. “World Population Projected to Reach 9.8 Billion in 2050, and 11.2 Billion in 2100 | UN DESA Department of Economic and Social Affairs.” ​United Nations​, United Nations, www.un.org/development/desa/en/news/population/world-population-prospects-2017.html​. The third category questions the Mars mission’s impact on the solar system and that space junk could disrupt gravitational balances. However, colonization of Mars would leverage the problem by distributing the population of the Earth to Mars, and as well as improve the chances for mankind to survive in case the Earth is no longer sustainable. with the problems of muscle degeneration and osteoporosis in the long run. Mars and Venus are no more likely to be terraformed in the next 100 years than is Pluto. Since then, many space agencies around the globe have sent their probes and rovers to collect more information about Mars. And if we decide to live on the Red Planet, as individuals and as a species, we will find creative ways to colonize Mars. Molly Wood and Kristin Schwab Oct 24, 2017. Potential Benefits of colonizing Mars: Firstly, there are many interesting similarities between Earth and Mars that make it a viable option for colonization. Do you want to learn more?Check out our last post: How can we colonize Mars? After inhabiting oceans, it will be easier to colonize other planets. “The Benefits of Colonizing Mars (Other Than Getting to Live There) – ANSI Blog.” ​The ANSI Blog,​ 4 Feb. 2019, www.blog.ansi.org/2016/10/the-benefits-of-colonizing-mars/​. Many reasons. Instead, let us note the benefits that can come from interplanetary colonization, even for those of us who decide to stay on the Earth’s surface. One major advantage of colonizing Mars is that it can be regarded as one of the most promising backup plans humanity has right now. This would make the process of colonizing it easier. It was the height of the Even if Mars is a lifeless planet, whether it’s ethical to colonize Mars may depend on what kinds of consequences the mission has here on Earth. “NASA Rover Finds Conditions Once Suited for Ancient Life on Mars.” ​NASA​, NASA, 19 Nov. 2015, ​www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/news/msl20130312.html​. It’s a Challenge. For example, since 1976 NASA has published a report every year called ​Spinoff which features new technologies based on research done by NASA. Unfortunately, as with any kind of undertaking of this magnitude, there exists risks. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 Canada License. Thus, for decades and perhaps longer, it will be necessary, and forever desirable, for Mars to be able to import specialized manufactured goods from Earth. The hypothetical colonization of Mars has received interest from public space agencies and private corporations, and has received extensive treatment in science fiction writing, film, and art. Others have discussed microgravity’s effects on the human body, but Mars is not free-fall. Establishing a colony on Mars would benefit our society in a number of ways. Combined with a thin atmosphere, so a significant amount of ionizing radiation is able to reach the Martian surface. Having a colony on the nearest celestial body to Earth would be beneficial, because we would be able to conduct research, extract resources, develop and use new technologies. This water could be extracted and purified for human consumption easily enough. Elon Musk, the CEO of SpaceX, believes colonizing Mars “i​s potentially something that could be accomplished in about 10 years, maybe sooner, maybe 9 years.” ​But despite all the efforts to make Mars colonization true, how can this benefits our society? Science Benefits From Diverse Landing Area of NASA Mars Rover PASADENA, Calif. -- NASA's Curiosity rover is revealing a great deal about Mars, from long-ago processes in its interior to the current interaction between the Martian surface and atmosphere. The Red has vast reserves of water in the form of ice. Some of the main risks in regard to the colonization itself lie in the environment of Mars. The idea of colonizing Mars has been explored at length, in fiction and as a real possibility. But what are the challenges and benefits of making Mars a "backup location" for humanity? Establishing a colony on Mars would benefit our society in a number of ways. The Advantages of Going to Mars From a Scientific Point of View. The red planet also has no global magnetic field comparable to Earth’s geomagnetic field. This proximity has several benefits: A lunar base could be a site for launching rockets with locally-manufactured fuel to distant planets such as Mars. The first, and most notable way, is that a colony on Mars would mark the first interplanetary settlement in human history. The space agency also says that scientific advancements that humanity gains from such a … That money could be put to better use fighting the rising national debt, … I’m sure he has his motives. But permanent settlers would still have to contend The discovery of water was very important since it indicated possibility of life on Mars, and further implies that the Earth is not the only planet where living being exists. In short, the challenges to creating a permanent settlement on Mars are numerous, but not necessarily impossible. The first benefit is one of the main reasons why Elon Musk believes that we should colonize Mars: it would mark the beginning of … Mars, Kelli. The … The gravity on Mars is also only about 40% of what we experience on Earth’s. A colony on Mars is something dreamed about by many, and criticized by many more. More habitable worlds than Mars have been discovered outside our solar system. Colonizing Mars: Problems and Benefits The idea of a human mission to the Martian planet has been capturing the imagination of the scientific community and popular culture for decades, manifesting itself in cinema, literature, and art. “The Human Body in Space.” ​NASA​, NASA, 30 Mar. NASA warns people that a human mission to Mars will be difficult and the potential for disaster is a high. The economics of colonizing Mars . The hottest housing market of 2020. There is a major possibility that a colony on another planet is the future of humanity. Mars is the best target for colonization in the solar system because it has by far the greatest potential for self-sufficiency. Curiosity site – the Gale Crater, which is close to the equator – typical challenges to colonizing the Red Planet. There are several benefits associated with colonizing planet Mars, and the most notable one is that colonizing Mars will mark the first interplanetary settlement in our history. Most of this ice is located in the polar regions, but surveys of Martian meteorites have suggested that much of it may also be locked away beneath the surface. Colonizing Mars would have other benefits as well, he added; the effort would greatly advance science discoveries and technological capabilities, and it … Colonizing Mars is one of the most promising backup plans for humanity. Tate, Karl. Although there are risks associated to Mars colonization, there are many things that people can benefit from. These goods can be fairly limited in m… Mars exists within our Sun’s habitable zone (aka. As of 2016, there are over 1,920 products in the ​Spinoff database which can be attributed to advances made by NASA researchers. For starters, there is the matter of Colonizing Mars: Problems and Benefits The idea of a human mission to the Martian planet has been capturing the imagination of the scientific community and popular culture for decades, manifesting itself in cinema, literature, and art. Privacy Notice, www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/msl/news/msl20130312.html​, www.blog.ansi.org/2016/10/the-benefits-of-colonizing-mars/​, www.un.org/development/desa/en/news/population/world-population-prospects-2017.html​, www.inverse.com/article/21156-elon-musk-says-spacex-could-start-a-mars-colony-by-2026​, www.space.com/31732-space-shuttle-challenger-disaster-explained-infographic.html​, Schulich Library of Physical Sciences, Life Sciences, and Engineering, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 2.5 Canada License. “goldilocks zone“), (like our earth) though it is slightly towards its outer edge. As Neil Armstrong once said, the beginning of the mission will be “one small step for a man, one giant leap for mankind.”. And there are some problems we may never be able to solve, such as kick-starting Mars’ magnetosphere. There are also the effects that microgravity have on the human body. NASA/JPL via Getty Images. Patel, Neel V. “SpaceX CEO Elon Musk Says His Company Could Have a Mars Colony by 2026.” ​Inverse​, www.inverse.com/article/21156-elon-musk-says-spacex-could-start-a-mars-colony-by-2026​. In general, colonizing the Moon is a huge stepping stone to expand to Mars… nighttime temperatures are as low as -70 °C. As a side effect, it causes weakness of bone and muscle, motion sickness, fluid redistribution and more. Recently, Mars became a popular topic again due to success of SpaceX, a private aerospace company which aims to reduce cost of space transportation and colonize Mars. Dunbar, Brian. 2 It cost too much. An artist's conception of the Phoenix Mars lander on the red planet. It was mainly due to lack of experience launching the space shuttle in a specific environment, and lack of tests. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Moon before Mars, but why? Reasons to colonise Mars instead of the Moon: * Less rocket fuel needed to land due to the atmosphere being thick enough to aerobrake. The cost of a manned mission to Mars would be 20+ billion dollars. 2016, www.nasa.gov/hrp/bodyinspace​. – Science Fiction or Reality. As humans attempt to reach further and further into space, new and innovative advances in technology and science are required in order for us to reach these new heights. (Infographic).” ​Space.com​, Space Created with Sketch. Space colonization is a controversial topic for some people, though definitely not for me, and for a number … One point, publicised the last few years by Stephen Hawking, is to prevent the potential extinction of the human race. Yes, we must try to keep Earth a habitable place. This would be the most monumental achievement in our history to date and would likely be a point in history we would never forget. The magnetosphere is a magnetic field created by … Mine water ice. The mission to colonize Mars runs into three major challenges. Moon: Benefits and Challenges of Colonizing Moon, How can we colonize Mars? That, combined with its sulfuric acid rains makes Mars a much more attractive option). For more details on this topic, see space colonization. Space, 28 Jan. 2016, www.space.com/31732-space-shuttle-challenger-disaster-explained-infographic.html​. As Mars does not have a very substantial atmosphere, the mars colonists would need to be protected not only from the extreme weather and temperatures that can occur on Mars but also from the radiation that penetrates the atmosphere. About 95% of the planet’s atmosphere is carbon dioxide, which means that we have to produce breathable air for our habitats and settlers could only go out with a pressure suit and an oxygen bottle. A well known example is the Infrared Ear Thermometer, initially this technology was designed to measure the temperature of stars and planets across large distances, however it was eventually adapted to be used as a way to record human body temperature without direct contact with the body. First, likening a colony on Mars to life insurance is misleading. In fact, every few years when the Earth and Mars are at opposition – when they are closest to each other – the distance varies, making certain “launch windows” ideal for sending colonists. The Benefits of Colonizing Space: Space Habitats and The O’Neill Cylinder ... Mars One graphics. Firstly, there are many interesting similarities between Earth and Mars that make it a viable option for colonization. A big thank you to Steve Lee and Anthony Johansen for submitting their Engineering Professional Practice (FACC 400) blog post to The Turret. We must slow down global warming and reverse it back, if possible. To Understand Earth: Mars is the planet in our solar system that is most similar to Earth. Y esterday a lot of people watched Elon Musk revealing some of his plans on colonization of Mars at the International Astronautical Congress. While The issue in today’s world is that there are several issues with setting up a colony that seems to prove it as an impossibility for it to occur in the near future. United Nations projects that the world’s population will reach 9.8 billion in year 2050 and 11.2 billion in year 2100. He wants humans to colonize Mars—stat. A day on Mars is 24 hours and 39 minutes, which means that organisms from earth would find … Despite the aforementioned benefits, there are also some rather monumental the average surface temperature, which is anything but hospitable. Three companies are in a race to colonize Mars: NASA, SpaceX, and Mars One. Mars and Earth have very similar lengths of days. Colonizing Mars will lead to many positive outcomes—new technologies, economic advantages, more jobs, and ideas to avert the population crisis of the future. Another important impact of a Mars colonization would be scientific research. That means if we were able to travel at the speed of light—a feat which is currently well beyond our reach, technologically—it would still take us 39 years to travel the 229 trillion miles. As we all know, we face many serious environmental problems. Easier and cheaper as it is, … Things you can do on Mars with very modest industrial infrastructure: Produce propellant for return trips pretty much from day 1. Mars used to be a warm and wet planet like Earth, when Mars had a … Our species, and perhaps all sentient species that develop, is facing what can be considered a series of tests. If a colonization of Mars begins, then there is a possibility that these issues on Mars will be prioritized over earthbound issues on Earth such as disease, climate change, war, social and economic inequality. Improving the quality of life on Earth. The real wild card for long-term health is the low gravity. Naturally, these losses would be lower on the surface of Mars, where there However, little is done to solve those problems in time. temperatures around the equator at midday can reach a balmy 20 °C, at the is at least some gravity. At this fast growing rate, there is no doubt that the society will suffer due to limited resources available on Earth. Produce Oxygen, water, methane, plastics, glass, concrete, iron/steel, aluminum, etc. Nevertheless, even with optimistic extrapolation of robotic manufacturing techniques, Mars will not have the division of labor required to make it fully self-sufficient until its population numbers in the millions. Anthony Johansen – U2 Software Engineering student. TRAPPIST-1, the system boasting seven planets which can all potentially support life, is 39 light years away. The first, and most notable way, is that a colony on Mars would mark the first interplanetary settlement in human history. Kelechava, Brad. In the 1960’s, the U.S and Russian tensions were at an all-time high. According to a NASA report, the effects of zero-gravity on the human body are quite profound, with a loss of up to 5% muscle mass a week and 1% of bone density a month. What are the benefits and challenges of Colonizing Venus? And while we do our best to plan for and minimize those risks, there is always a possibility of something going wrong. A settlement on Mars would also prove that such an endeavor is possible and pave the way for future colonizations of other planets and moons, inside our solar system as well as out. By Allison Eck Friday, March 16, 2018 NOVA Next NOVA Next An MIT team designed the Redwood Forest, a … Many engineers and scientists, try to make fault tolerant equipments, but sometimes a tiny little mistakes could result a great disaster. Mars’ gravity is only 38 percent of that of the Earth and the difference affects greatly on human body. Mars, also known as the Red Planet, have caught many scientists’ and engineers’ attention after rovers sent by NASA have found evidence of water on the planet in 2012. This would be the most monumental achievement in our history to date and would likely be a point in history we would never forget. Make no mistake, getting to Mars is probably the biggest challenge humanity has … Permanent settlers would still have to contend with the problems of muscle degeneration and osteoporosis in the next 100 than. Last few years by Stephen Hawking, is to prevent the potential extinction of the mcgill benefits of colonizing mars. 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